header image

Hollies

Hollies

By Cindy King, CPH, The Mill

The genus Ilex consists of over 400 species of both deciduous and evergreen shrubs and trees. Leaves are often spiny and glossy with berries along the stem or in clusters. Birds are attracted to the berries as a late winter food as freezing releases the simple sugars.

Hollies prefer a moist well-draining high humus containing soil in full to part sun. Plant or transplant in very early spring or very early fall. Prune in late winter or early spring, and light trimming can be done after new growth is present in early summer.

Some issues with hollies are aphids, scale, leaf miners, sooty mold, and root rot. Make sure that you plant in the correct environment with proper soil chemistry and provide water when needed. Air circulation also limits many issues – therefore hollies like to be out in the open versus along a tight foundation planting.

The hollies that The Mill may carry are listed below – inventory changes constantly. Most are available from the Mill of Kingstown.

Ilex verticillata – Winterberry Holly        

Ilex aquifolium - English Holly

Ilex glabra – Gallberry

Ilex meserveae - Blue Holly

Ilex ‘Nellie R Stevens’ – Nellie Steven’s Holly

Iles cornuta – Chinese Holly

Ilex opaca – American Holly

Ilex crenata – Japanese Holly

Ilex vomitoria – Yaupon Holly

 

Variegated Holly




Also in Lawn & Garden Blog

Fruit Trees
Fruit Trees

Fruit trees are best planted in early spring so that they develop a good root to shoot ratio prior to hot weatherMany in the trade try to get their fruit trees stocked by mid- February so they do not break bud if coming from a nursery in a different zone

Continue Reading

Hellebore - pink Christmas Rose
Hellebores

Hellebores are winter hardy evergreen shade perennials that bloom late winter in colors ranging from pure white to pastel green to deep purple.  

Continue Reading

Apple trees in winter
Fruit Trees, Bulbs, and Vernalization

Fruit trees require vernalization which is a period of cold exposure needed to set buds and produce fruit.  Trees harden off by relocating soluble water into their tissue and mobilizing proteins and plant alcohols to the leaf surface that will form a natural anti-freeze.  

Continue Reading