Roses are one of the most classic flowers in the world. They are loved for their beauty, fragrance, and symbolism. There are many different types available on the market and each has its own characteristics. If you live in the Mid-Atlantic and want to grow roses in your garden, it is essential to understand each type of roses and its proper care.
Types of Roses:
Floribunda Rose: They were created by crossing a hybrid tea with a Polyantha or old world rose and are hardier than a hybrid tea type. Flowers are held at the end of each stem in clusters having 10-15 flowers. They re-bloom if deadheaded and can be slightly fragrant.
Grandiflora Rose: Another cross between Hybrid Tea and Floribunda developed in the 1950's. Flowers are larger than the floribunda and held in clusters of 6-10 flowers at the terminal end of the stem. Plants have been developed with stronger stems but tend to fold over from the weight of the flowers.David Austin's, and others. The flower from the top to the ground. They develop large stems that can grow to 6-15 feet and require some form of stabilization. Climbers are usually attached to a wall, grown on an obelisk, over arches, or supported by pillars. They require more pruning but create a large display of flowers.
Native: Roses native to Maryland include Rosa virginiana, Rosa palustris, and Rosa carolina are all native to our area. They can take drier (R. carolina) or wetter (R. palustris and R. virginiana) conditions, and are salt tolerant. These produce the sought-after hips that are used for making tea. These do not require pruning and grow as shrubs. Many are found along shorelines and along hedgerows.
Roses are a valuable and beautiful addition to any garden, and there are many different types to choose from. With a little basic care, they can provide fragrant bouquets all summer for inside your home while adding grace and beauty to your property and providing habitat for wild birds. Whether you prefer the classic beauty of Hybrid Tea roses or the low maintenance of Shrub roses, there is a rose for every garden. By following a regular schedule of care, you can enjoy healthy, beautiful roses in your Mid-Atlantic garden year after year.
Here is a good reference list for the plants that hummingbirds prefer the most.